With the rise of interest in the legal cannabis market and the need for natural healthcare due to increased veterinary costs, dog owners are using CBD to treat… CBD oil can help dogs with cancer, seizures, anxiety and more. But CBD oil for dogs is unregulated. Here’s how to choose the best CBD oil … Some pet owners are turning to CBD products because if its glowing claims. WebMD explores the research and whether it’s safe to use.
5 Things To Consider Before Giving CBD To Your Dog
With the rise of interest in the legal cannabis market and the need for natural healthcare due to increased veterinary costs, dog owners are using CBD to treat their dogs for various health conditions, including pain, inflammation, anxiety, seizures, and arthritis.
The CBD for dogs rage started after CBD was legalized in the United States in 2018 for human consumption. The 2018 Farm Act removed CBD from the Food & Drug Administration (FDA) Schedule 1 category. Meaning, it’s no longer considered a controlled substance.
Since then, CBD is the new health kick among Americans and worldwide. In the summer of 2019, a Gallup survey found that one in seven US adults use CBD products for various health conditions, including pain, inflammation, anxiety, seizures, and arthritis.
Since both humans and dogs have an endocannabinoid system with cannabinoid receptors in their bodies, dog owners and some veterinarians believe that CBD can also benefit dogs.
If your dog has been chewing up stuff, peeing inside the house, and barking uncontrollably — all signs indicate that he has anxiety. The good news is that CBD can help. Fortunately, CBD has anti-anxiety properties that can also benefit dogs.
However, before you run out and buy CBD for your dog, you should know all you can about it. The first thing you want to do is talk to your veterinarian if he hasn’t spoken to you about it already.
What is CBD?
CBD, or cannabidiol , is a chemical compound that’s part of the endocannabinoid system, found in both humans and animals. It’s the non-psychoactive cannabinoid that’s derived from either the cannabis plant or hemp plant. CBD doesn’t give you the “high” like tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) does.
CBD was discovered in 1940 by Roger Adams, the first professor at the University of Illinois, to extract CBD from cannabis. In 1946, Dr. Walter S. Loewe conducted the first CBD lab test, which proved that it doesn’t produce the psychoactive “high.” By the 1960s, Dr. Raphael Mechoulam, an Israeli chemist, synthesized cannabinoids, including CBD, THC, and many others. After that, the first CBD oil was produced by the British Pharmacopoeia.
How Do Dogs Benefit from CBD?
CBD has many health benefits for both humans and dogs. Although there’s little research on CBD for dogs, there’s evidence that they can benefit from the plant in various ways, including anti-nausea, anti-anxiety, shiny coat, improved appetite, joint health, and arthritis.
The way it works is with the endocannabinoid system, found in all living things with vertebrae in the central and peripheral nervous system. The endocannabinoid system is composed of cannabinoids and cannabinoid receptors. CBD binds to the cannabinoid receptors to produce homeostasis (balance) in the body. It’s used to treat anxiety, pain, mood, seizures, and many other health conditions in humans. Like humans, dogs have an endocannabinoid system that works the same way as the human system, and they can benefit from CBD like humans.
5 Things You Should Know About CBD for Dogs
There are five things you should consider before buying CBD for your dog. Here’s what you should know.
Check the Certificate of Analysis (COA)
Most importantly, check the Certificate of Analysis (COA) on the label. It will give lab test results, including the amount of THC in the product. Ideally, for dogs, you want zero THC.
There are three tests you should look for on the COA. They are:
- Microbial Test – Gets results for pathogens like salmonella or E. coli.
- Heavy Metals Test – Shows results for pollutants, such as lead.
- Pesticides Test – Detects pesticides, which is necessary because some organic CBD products are contaminated from other crops.
If you can’t find the COA on the CBD seller’s website or the product’s label, and the seller doesn’t offer any information, it’s time to move on to another seller. Authentic CBD for dogs will have a COA since they have nothing to hide. To find a reputable CBD vendor, ask your vet, talk to your furbaby friends, or search the web. You can also find CBD products for Dogs at reputed vendors like CBDMEDIC .
Choose CBD with No THC
CBD is found in both the cannabis and hemp plants. However, the CBD in cannabis has more than 0.3 percent THC, the psychoactive cannabinoid that gives you the “high,” whereas CBD from hemp has within the legal limit, ie. 0.3 percent. Although there’s evidence that the CBD from cannabis can’t get you “high,” it still has that small THC percentage. THC of any amount is toxic for dogs and should be avoided. It can lead to vomiting, diarrhea, and many other adverse reactions. Check for CBD products for dogs with zero THC.
Never Use Hemp Oil
Beware. The label is where manufacturers will get you. Many manufacturers will label their CBD products as “hemp oil” and describe it as beneficial to your health. Hemp oil contains little or no CBD and is not therapeutic for dogs. If the product is labeled as “hemp seed oil,” it’s perfectly acceptable to give to your pup if CBD is added to it. Always check the COA to be sure of the amount of CBD in the product.
Choose Broad Spectrum CBD
Broad-spectrum and CBD isolate products are best when it comes to our furry pals. Broad-spectrum CBD oil is most beneficial to dogs since it not only contains CBD; it also has many natural cannabinoids and terpenes. CBD isolate only contains CBD. Check the COA for this information.
Check the Dosage
Your vet should have some knowledge of CBD, including information about dosage since CBD for dogs is not regulated by the Food & Drug Administration (FDA) yet, and dosage isn’t established.
A 2018 study on the “pharmacokinetics, safety, and clinical effectiveness of CBD treatment in osteoarthritic dogs,” determined that CBD is both safe and effective for dogs. Results for dosing were also included. The research suggested that the dosage for dogs should be according to their weight, which is 2 mg/kg.
3 Health Conditions in Dogs that CBD Can Treat
Three common health conditions in dogs that also occur in humans can be treated with CBD. They are:
Pain can be debilitating for both dogs and humans. When it is, your dog wants relief just as much as you do. CBD can help relieve your dog’s pain and ease its suffering. A 2006 study indicated that cannabinoids, such as CBD, can help alleviate pain for those suffering from neuropathic, migraine, fibromyalgia, inflammatory, and cancer pain. A highly significant survey, the researchers propose using CBD as an alternative to opiate use, a growing epidemic, for pain management.
Epilepsy and other seizure disorders can affect both dogs and humans. As one of the first health conditions to be approved for treatment with CBD, the research is extensive and conclusive — CBD can help treat seizures. The researchers of one of the most recent reviews on CBD’s effectiveness for the treatment of seizures encourage the use of CBD with antiepileptic drugs (AEDs).
Like humans, dogs display certain behaviors when they have anxiety. People with anxiety disorders often panic, yell, or snap at you. Dogs with anxiety will chew up things, bark, or pee in the house. Since CBD relieves anxiety in humans, it could work for pets as well. One article from the American Kennel Club (AKC) about CBD for anxiety in dogs suggests that CBD has a calming, yet drowsy effect.
Is CBD Legal for Dogs?
In response to CBD’s growing interest for pets, the 2018 Farm Bill passed into law, which took both CBD and hemp-based CBD off the federal control substances list, making CBD legal in the United States. CBD for pets, however, is still taboo and comes with much controversy since veterinarians are hesitant to talk about it. With extensive research and evidence that CBD is safe for pets, more pet parents will accept it to treat their furry babies.
About the Author: Kimberley Dawson is a content specialist who frequently writes about CBD, Cannabis, and other alternative pain relievers.
The Benefits Of CBD Oil For Dogs
The good news is that it can help with many of your dog’s health issues from allergies to cancer. The bad news is that the CBD industry for pets is still unregulated. That means the majority of pet owners might be getting ripped off.
So today I want to talk about all the good things CBD oil can do for your dogs. Then I’ll show you how to find the best product for your dog and talk about how to give it.
What Does CBD Oil Do For Dogs?
There’s a messenger system in your dog’s body called the endocannabinoid system. It helps regulate sleep, appetite, pain, the immune system and more. CBD impacts the activity of the messengers in this system and stimulates the nervous, digestive and immune systems, as well as the brain. And it can do this because the endocannabinoids in CBD are very similar to the ones found in your dog’s body.
That’s why the benefits of CBD can be deep and significant. And why CBD oil is the fastest-growing healthy plant in the world!
6 Ways CBD Oil Can Help Your Dog
Let’s take a look at common conditions where CBD can help dogs. And after I’ll talk about which CBD oil you should buy and general dosing information.
1. Dogs With Joint Problems
If your dog has joint pain, your vet might prescribe NSAIDs or other pain meds like Gabapentin. But NSAIDs can cause deterioration in joints and soft tissues … and they can damage your dog’s liver. Gabapentin can also cause kidney damage. Plus, it’s not all that effective.
CBD is a natural anti-inflammatory that doesn’t carry the same risk of side effects as drugs. It works by binding to CB1 receptors in the brain. These receptors stimulate the immune system to reduce inflammation. CB1 receptors also change the way the brain responds to pain.
CBD also binds to CB2 receptors found in the nervous and immune systems. When this happens, the body may produce more cannabinoids naturally. This helps reduce inflammation even more and reduce the pain associated with it.
In fact, researchers at Cornell University found that dogs taking CBD for arthritis were more active and showed a decrease in pain.
Some of the common people buy CBD Oil for dogs as an anti-inflammatory for joint problems include:
- Hip and elbow dysplasia
- Sprains and strains
- Torn ligaments (CCL)
2. Dogs With Cancer
Sadly, 50% of adult dogs will get cancer. Cancer is a massive health challenge for dogs, especially if they undergo chemotherapy or radiation.
Cancer researchers are always looking for new ways to treat cancer and release the pain and nausea that can go with it. And CBD has been extensively researched as a cancer-fighting substance.
A study in mice showed that CBD slowed the growth of mammary cancer cells. And in 2018, researchers found that CBD increased survival time in mice with pancreatic cancer. Other animal studies show CBD oil has cancer-fighting abilities and can slow the growth of tumors.
In another study, cancer cells became more sensitive to treatment with CBD. That means CBD can increase the effectiveness of conventional cancer treatments.
CBD also kills cancer cells by blocking their ability to produce energy. And it can stimulate the immune system to produce killer cells that cause death in cancer cells.
Researchers also found that CBD blocks a cannabinoid receptor called GPR55. This is important because GPR55 increased the growth rate of cancer cells in mice.
CBD oil can also help with nausea associated with many cancer treatments. And studies have shown CBD can significantly reduce cancer-related pain.
3. Dogs With Seizures And Epilepsy
It’s estimated that about 5% of dogs suffer from seizures. They can be terrifying for both dogs and their humans … and they can cause anxiety.
Most vets treat epilepsy and seizures with antiepileptic drugs. Common options are phenobarbital or potassium bromide. But these drugs are extremely harmful to your dog’s liver and other organs. And even if the drugs don’t cause unmanageable side effects, they don’t always work …
So researchers at Colorado State University got excited when they studied CBD as a treatment for epilspsy in dogs. A whopping 89% of dogs that received the CBD had a reduction in seizures.
In human trials, CBD even worked in patients with drug-resistant epilepsy. In one study, 7 out of 8 patients saw a marked improvement within 4 to 5 months.
CBD reduces the frequency and severity of seizures because of how it interacts with the endocannabinoid system. It’s believed that abnormal electric charges of the neurons in the nervous system cause seizures. But CBD can bind to receptors in the brain … researchers speculate this can improve the functioning of the nervous system.
4. Dogs With Anxiety
Anxiety is a common reason dog owners turn to CBD. Anxiety can appear in different forms, including:
- Noise phobia
- Separation anxiety
Of course, there are anti-anxiety drugs available … but CBD is being studied for anxiety because it doesn’t carry dangerous side effects.
Most human users of CBD take it for pain, anxiety and depression. Over a third of these users report that CBD worked “very well by itself.” CBD has even helped manage anxiety and insomnia in children with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). And animal studies show its antidepressant effects aren’t just for people.
CBD can work quickly given directly by mouth when your dog gets stressed. It usually only takes 5 to 20 minutes to work. But CBD appears to be most beneficial for anxiety when given over a period of time. So if your dog is prone to stress, a daily dose might work best.
A 2012 study looked at stress in rats exposed to cats. The rats given repeated doses of CBD had less anxiety than those given a single dose.
Researchers aren’t certain how CBD relieves stress and anxiety, but it’s thought that it can help regulate serotonin. Serotonin is a hormone that regulates mood, social behavior, digestion, sleep and appetite.=
5. Dogs In Pain
Probably the most promising research on CBD is that done on pain. From nerve pain to arthritis, it works well … without the harmful side effects of pain medications.
CBD binds to both CB1 and CB2 receptors in the brain and nervous system and this helps change the way your dog’s brain perceives pain. Plus, CBD can help manage the other symptoms that accompany pain, such as sleeplessness and nausea.
CBD can also help manage acute pain from injuries.
6. Dogs With Allergies
Allergies are on the rise in dogs. And they’re difficult to treat … so, sadly, allergies are a common reason dogs are euthanized. Skin conditions in general are one of the most frequent reasons for vet visits.
The endocannabinoid system is also found in the skin … and that’s good news for dogs with allergies. It means CBD can help relieve dry and itchy skin. And it can promote the growth of new healthy skin cells.
You can give CBD internally for allergies, or use it externally for hot spots or interdigital cysts.
Now that you know a bit more about WHY you would give your dog CBD oil to your dog, let’s about HOW to choose a good quality product.
How To Choose The Best CBD Oil For Your Dog
CBD (Cannabidiol) is a naturally found substance in cannabis and hemp. Both deliver amazing health benefits … but there are differences.
Cannabis (marijuana) contains a relatively large amount of THC (tetrahydrocannabinol). THC is what causes the psychoactive activities of cannabis. It’s why marijuana can give a “high” or “buzz.”
CBD oil made from hemp contains much lower amounts of THC. To sell hemp legally, it must contain less than 0.3% THC. So while your dog can still enjoy the calmness and reduction in anxiety that CBD provides, he won’t get high. And that’s important … because you might enjoy the high, but your dog definitely doesn’t!
Your dog will also get the same pain-relieving and immune-supporting benefits from hemp CBD.
But not all hemp CBD products are the same …
1. Look For A Full Or Broad Spectrum Hemp
Check the label of your CBD product to make sure it’s full spectrum or broad spectrum.
This means your dog’s CBD oil contains not just CBD, but other important cannabinoids that occur naturally in full-spectrum hemp. This includes CBC (Cannabichromene) and CBG (Cannabigerol).
Researchers have looked at CBC for its …
- Cancer-fighting activities
- Ability to block pain and inflammation
- Positive effect on brain cells
CBG is also studied for its medicinal use. It can decrease inflammation in the digestive tract and it can protect nerve cells and the eyes. It also supports healthy bladder function and fights cancer cells.
A full-spectrum CBD oil will also contain terpenes such as limonene, alpha-pinene, and beta-pinene. These are also naturally occurring medicinal substances found in all hemp.
Together, cannabinoids and terpenes create the entourage effect. This happens when compounds in hemp oil work synergistically to boost the medicinal properties of hemp oil.
CBD extracted with CO2 (I’ll talk about this in a moment) pulverizes the terpenes. This will make them hard to detect in testing and they won’t show up on the Certificate Of Analysis …
… but they’ll still be there and will contribute to the CBD oil’s medicinal effects.
CBD extracted with solvents will better preserve the terpenes. So you will find them noted on the Certificate Of Analysis.
But I don’t recommend solvent extracted products, which leads me to my next point …
2. Make Sure Your Dog’s CBD Uses CO2 Extraction
There are two common ways to extract the CBD oil from the hemp plant:
As you’ve probably guessed, CO2 extraction uses carbon dioxide to extract oil from the plant. Using a high-pressure chamber, CO2 puts pressure on the hemp. This breaks down the hemp and releases the oil.
This method of extraction creates oils with a higher concentration of CBD. That means your dog will get more from his supplement. Of course, that also makes the product more expensive … but it’s better than the alternative.
The cheapest way to extract oil from the hemp plant is with solvents, such as …
- Petroleum products
But residue from these solvents will be in the product and they can be toxic to your dog.
Some CBD extraction uses natural solvents, such as ethanol or olive oil. This is much safer for your dog but these oils can destroy the hemp plant’s waxes and the resulting oil isn’t as beneficial.
3. Look For A Certificate Of Analysis
If your dog’s CBD oil doesn’t have a certificate of analysis (COA), run away!
A certificate of analysis is a document that shows the amount and type of cannabinoids in the CBD product. And it usually comes from a third-party laboratory,
COAs protect your dog from poor quality products and the manufacturer should have one for each batch of hemp. If there isn’t a COA on the company’s website, you’ll want to ask for one before you buy any CBD oil.
When looking at the COA, there are 5 important things to look for.
CBD Is The Same As Advertised
This is more common than you would think … in fact, we were once tricked by this!
What you might see is something like “500 mg CBD” on the product label. But don’t take the label at face value! Make sure the COA says the same amount as the label does.
Some lab tests express the CBD content in mg/g. So to calculate the amount of CBD, you need to know how many grams are in the bottle of CBD.
For example, let’s say the COA shows 16.9 mg/g CBD. To calculate how much CBD is in the product, multiply the number of mg/g by the number of grams the bottle weighs. (A typical 1-ounce dropper bottle of CBD will weigh 30 grams.) This will give you the total mg of CBD in the bottle. In this example, it’s 507 mg (16.9 mg/g x 30 gram bottle).
CBD Is Really Full Spectrum
Again, never take the label at face value! Some CBD is from isolate, which means it won’t have other important cannabinoids and terpenes.
Remember the entourage effect? You won’t get this extra boost with CBD isolate. So how do you find out if your dog’s CBD is from isolate? The COA will show that the product only contains CBD and no other cannabinoids. Stay away from these products.
There’s Not Too Much (Or Too Little) THC
If your dog’s CBD contains more than 0.03% THC, it’s probably marijuana and not hemp. It’s not legal and your dog won’t enjoy the psychoactive effects.
You also want to avoid products with zero THC. If there’s none, then your dog’s CBD is from isolate … and the health benefits will be fewer.
A Third-Party Did The Tests
Once again, never take the manufacturer’s word that the product is high quality. Make sure the product was properly tested by a third party lab. Unfortunately, the CBD industry isn’t regulated, which leaves you vulnerable to poor products.
There’s No Contaminants
You need to know where and how the hemp that’s used to make the CBD oil is grown. This plays a huge role in those test results you see in the COA.
Always look for an organic product to reduce any environmental toxin risks. You want to know that the soil and water it’s grown in is as clean as possible. That’s because hemp plants are really good sponges and can absorb contaminants as they grow. And it’s why heavy metal toxicity can be a concern when looking at CBD oils.
So be sure that you check the COA for any contaminants such as pesticides, heavy metals and solvent residues.
Cost Shouldn’t Be A Priority
It can be hard to compare products and some people give up and look at costs only …
… but this is not the best approach!
You want a high-quality and safe product for your dog. Extracting CBD from hemp requires a lot of plant material as well as careful monitoring.
If the product you’re considering has a price that’s significantly lower than the competition, there’s probably a reason for that …
But the most expensive doesn’t mean it’s the best CBD oil for dogs …
Instead, consider what we’ve reviewed …
- How was the CBD oil extracted? (CO2 is best.)
- Is the CBD concentration different than advertised? (CBD on COA should match the bottle.)
- Is it full-spectrum? (The product should have other cannabinoids, not just CBD.)
- Is the THC content worrisome? (THC should be less than 0.3% but higher than 0%.)
- Is it organic? (Hemp is a sponge for contaminants.)
- Was it third party tested? (If you can’t find a COA online, ask the manufacturer for one.)
These variables are what you need to look for when determining the quality of a product. The cost is never a sure sign of a product’s quality.
Side Effects Of CBD Oil For Dogs
The American Holistic Veterinary Medical Association surveyed dog owners. They wanted to see what, if any, side effects they noticed. And the great news is that there weren’t any major effects reported.
The most consistent side effects noticed were:
- Sedation 19%
- Overactive appetite 5%
- Lack of energy 4%
- Panic reactions 2.7%
- Dry mouth/excessive drinking 2.3%
- Nausea 1.7%
- Vomiting 1.7%
- Increased seizures 0.69%
- Impaired mental functioning 0.68%
This means the most likely side effect you may see is that your dog gets sleepy. And that isn’t a bad thing. Especially if your dog suffers from seizures, anxiety, or has any pain, and you’d like to give CBD oil a try …
… but some CBD oils will have other additives and may not be safe.
Caution With CBD Oil Additives
You want to be sure there are no chemical additives or preservatives in the product you buy. These will cancel out the health benefits, even if the hemp is grown organically.
Also be aware of companies who have added essential oils (EOs) to their CBD oil. Even though they’re “natural,” EOs can affect animals profoundly.
If your holistic vet has recommended using a CBD oil with an EO, then follow her dosing recommendations. She’ll know what’s best for your dog’s unique health needs.
Some will recommend using CBD with frankincense as it’s good for tumor reduction in cancer patients. But always check with your holistic vet or herbalist first.
Dogs Taking Other Medications Or Supplements
If your dog is taking any other medications or supplements you will want to check with your holistic vet as well. CBD oil has many health benefits but it can change how your dog metabolizes some medications or supplements.
Researchers have looked at how CBD oil changes metabolism in humans. It can be similar to grapefruit, which causes significant reactions. So if your dog is taking any of the following medications you’ll need to ask your vet about dose changes:
- Allergy medications
- Liver or kidney medications
- Heart medications
- Anxiety medications
Hopefully, your holistic vet has helped you find alternatives to the medications above. But even then … CBD can affect herbs and natural supplements.
This doesn’t mean you can’t give your CBD oil if he uses other supplements or medications. You may just need to make adjustments. CBD changes the metabolism of other things but sometimes for the better! Meaning you can use less of another product or skip on the medications altogether.
And less is often more.
CBD Oil Dosage For Dogs
Each bottle of CBD has a specific concentration expressed in milligrams (mg). Most dogs are okay with the taste, so you can just put it on your dog’s food.
Dr Robert Silver recommends giving your dog 0.05 to 0.25 mg/pound of body weight, twice daily. He also suggests starting with a lower dose and working your way up. If 0.05 mg/pound is enough, stay at that dose. There’s no need to increase unless the lower dose stops working. If that happens, increase the dose to 0.125 mg/pound, twice daily and only continue to increase if your dog needs it.
For anxiety or health prevention, you’ll usually find that the lower doses work well. But if your dog is dealing with pain or immune issues, you’ll probably need a larger amount.
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CBD oil for dogs is a natural, safe remedy that can help your dogs with pain, anxiety, caner, seizures and more.
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Corroon J, Phillips JA. A cross-sectional study of cannabidiol users. Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research. 2018;3(1).
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CBD Oil for Dogs: What to Know
These days, you can find cannabidiol (CBD) products pretty much everywhere. The trendy ingredient is a natural compound found in marijuana and hemp. CBD by itself doesn’t cause a “high,” but research suggests it might help with insomnia (problems falling or staying asleep) and anxiety, along with other medical conditions.
CBD’s popularity has many dog owners turning to it as an alternative treatment. Of course, you want to do everything you can to help your pet. But does CBD really work? And is it safe? Here’s what you need to know.
Currently, you can find CDB products for your dog in the form of oils and treats. There’s not a lot of research or a formal study to back up the claims on its uses and benefits. Evidence is mostly anecdotal, or unscientific. Experts aren’t sure how much of the CBD is actually affecting the dog’s body or if it’s just being removed. More research is needed.
But some dog owners think CBD oil can be used to:
- Ease inflammation
- Soothe nausea
- Stimulate appetite
- Ease pain
- Control seizures
- Boost heart health
- Lower anxiety
One small study looked at how CBD affects dogs with epilepsy. Most of the dogs given CBD oil from a hemp plant had seizures less often after 12 weeks. All dogs were given their usual epilepsy drugs during the clinical trial.
There’s limited information on CBD’s side effects and risks when used in dogs. Experts don’t yet know proper dosages or what amounts can be toxic.
So far, the FDA has approved only one CBD-based prescription drug to treat seizures in humans. Based on some of the side effects humans have had, here’s what to watch out for:
Dry mouth. It may temporarily limit the amount of saliva, or spit, your dog makes. They may be very thirsty.
Low blood pressure. CBD can cause a sudden temporary drop in blood pressure for humans. While a drop of CBD may seem small, it may cause lightheadedness for your dog.
Drowsiness. Its calming effects may make your dog sleepy if you give them a lot.
Fertility problems. Some studies found this in male animals exposed to CBD.
Always check with a veterinarian first if you’re thinking about giving your dog CBD.
Is It Legal?
Laws around CBD can be confusing. It’s illegal to market CBD as a dietary supplement for humans or add it to food. The FDA is cracking down on companies that do so.
In many states, veterinarians aren’t allowed to recommend it for pets or give any kind of dosing information.
Experts say more research, regulation, and standard practices are needed before CBD can be safely given to dogs and other pets.
Colorado State University: “Results from CBD clinical trial to assess efficacy on seizure frequency in dogs ‘encouraging,’” “CBD clinical trial seeks dogs with epilepsy.”
American Kennel Club: “CBD Oil for Dogs: What You Need to Know.”
American Veterinary Medical Association: “Cannabis use and pets.”
Oklahoma State University: “The Use of CBD in Dogs and Cats.”
FDA: “What You Need to Know (And What We’re Working to Find Out) About Products Containing Cannabis or Cannabis-derived Compounds, Including CBD,” “FDA Regulation of Cannabis and Cannabis-Derived Products, Including Cannabidiol (CBD),” “FDA Warns Companies Illegally Selling CBD Products.”
Harvard Health: “Cannabidiol (CBD) — what we know and what we don’t.”
Frontiers in Veterinary Science: “US Veterinarians’ Knowledge, Experience, and Perception Regarding the Use of Cannabidiol for Canine Medical Conditions.”